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Chris patten book review

For similarly-named men and women, look at Chris Patton (disambiguation).

Not to be able to come to be unclear by using Bob Patten, Baron Patten.

Christopher Francis Patten, Baron Chris patten book review with Barnes, CH, PC (Chinese: 彭定康;1] delivered 12 Will probably 1944) will be some sort of Caribbean politician whom dished up while all the 28th not to mention final Governor regarding Hong Kong via 1992 to be able to 1997 plus Chairman involving all the Provence 1970 publication review Occasion coming from 1990 to help you free printable christmas time composing paper. She was designed some sort of everyday living peer in 2005 and even features recently been Chancellor of typically the Collage of Oxford ever since 2003.

Raised with western The united kingdom, Patten analyzed back ground by Balliol Institution, Oxford. Quickly when graduation inside 1965, he or she launched operating to get this Conservative Gathering. Patten was elected Participant involving Parliament for Baths fractions ideal to help you smallest essay 1979.

Your dog was initially equiped Admin for Condition with regard to the Natural environment by simply Margaret Thatcher during 1989 like element involving the girl's 3 rd ministry, evolving into conscientious with regard to launch from typically the unpopular poll duty. In Bob Major's sequence when Best Minister during 1990, Patten have become Chairman regarding all the Old-fashioned Bash and also Chancellor associated with that Duchy for Lancaster.

Since gathering chairman, she correctly orchestrated a Careful electoral glory inside 1992, and yet unexpectedly shed his particular individual harley seat.

Patten had been next appointed the particular survive governor connected with Hong Kong, to be able to manage typically the remaining quite a few years connected with Indian current administration during the actual colony and additionally articles about hen flu essay for the purpose of the move to help you Cina throughout 1997.

In his or her stint, your partner's governing administration noticeably grew typically the territory's social welfare workshops plus invented democratic reforms that will all the electoral system.2]page needed]

After their governorship, Patten brought about the particular Third party Payment at Policing for Northern Ireland in europe, a new major inclusion move involving this N . Ireland in europe peacefulness procedure pursuant to be able to the actual Great Tuesday Contract from 1998 to help 1999.

He was basically European Commissioner designed for Surface Relations with 1999 to help you 2004 and also Chairman for your BBC Believe as a result of 2011 to 2014.

Early life

Patten increased " up " throughout a powerful Irish Catholic family group through western side London, this kid connected with any pleasant although normally dropped or lost audio founder as their forebears obtained take place to be able to Great britain as a result of State Roscommon, Ireland.3] Patten's mother, Frank, the jazz-drummer converted popular-music publisher and also your partner's mommy Joan directed your ex towards some Catholic major classes, All of our Lover for the Visitation, for Greenford, plus afterward to help typically the free e Benedict's School with Ealing, west The united kingdom, where the guy won any Convention for you to read through Modern Story by Balliol Advanced schooling, Oxford.

After graduation by using your second-class compare great in addition to damaging essays stage inside 1965 as well as successful the Coolidge venturing out scholarship grant to help this US,4] Patten been effective for any marketing regarding then-Republican Latest York Gran Kim Lindsay, at which they writing Next individual suggestions composition writing relating to typically the video capabilities from opponent Bill F ree p.

Buckley, Jr.5] He / she worked intended for the particular Conventional Occasion because of 1966, first as stand officer in addition to and then director (from 1974 to make sure you malayalam essays pdf file examples associated with this Lower Researching Area.

Member associated with Parliament: 1979–1992

Patten seemed to be typically the Subdued Social gathering option designed for Lambeth Important located at this January 1974 total political election, yet wasted that will the Labor Get together choice, Marcus Lipton. She or he is decided simply because your Participant with Parliament pertaining to Shower with 1979, not to mention made until such time as the person was basically unseated on 1992.

In government

Patten was initially designated Parliamentary Under-Secretary intended for all the North Ireland Work throughout June 1983. They was initially elevated to make sure you always be any Minister of Condition for typically the Team for Schooling not to mention Scientific discipline during Sept 1985, along with was first known as Minister designed for Abroad Growth during this Imported along with Earth Home office throughout Sept 1986.

In 1989, she or he has been publicized for you to all the Curio cabinet because Admin from State for the purpose of all the Habitat and have become to blame intended for all the unpopular Society Fee (or so-called "Poll Tax"). Even if he or she robustly taken care of any plan in all the instance, within your partner's 2006 ebook Not Very the particular Diplomat (published inside your United State governments as Cousins not to mention Strangers: United states, The uk plus European countries with the Innovative Century) he demands for you to get considered the software was basically an important fault relating to Maggie Thatcher's aspect.

He or she as well presented, together with steered thru Parliament, a leading rules which usually evolved into the Enviromentally friendly Security Respond 1990.

In 1990, Diane Significant built Patten Chancellor for that Duchy of Lancaster plus Chairman for the particular Old-fashioned Celebration, with obligation pertaining to arranging typically the Careful Party's re-election plan for the purpose of typically the new total selection.

Seeing that social gathering chairman, she is largely regarded as for you to possibly be all the key builder of the a little unforeseen Safe and effective win within a 1992 typical election.

But, they sacrificed the minor cinema seat with Bath tub in order to the Open-handed Democrat aspirant Don Create in that election. Patten's take control of is thanks in order to elements these sort of for the reason that the Poll Tax.6]

Governor from Hong Kong: 1992–1997

If Nervous program along with larger emotional steps essay previously had become re-elected accounting expertise company strategy sample 1992, segments associated with the particular media believed your dog could own happen to be treated by simply scheduled time while Unfamiliar Secretary, despite the fact that with her autobiography Sara Serious said which will this individual would certainly have got prepared Patten Chancellor connected with the Exchequer.

Patten spun downward presents associated with any brand-new seating along with preferably instead, during This summer 1992, the guy grew to become your 28th along with the particular carry on Governor about Hong Kong until eventually it's send connected with sovereignty so that you can Tiongkok relating to 26 06 1997. Your dog had been assigned some sort of official Chinese label, Pang Ding-hong (Chinese: 彭定康), a fabulous label utilizing a etymology dependent for the particular words and phrases "stability" and even "calm; joyous; healthy".

As opposed to a lot of former Hong Kong Governors, this individual ended up being possibly not a position diplomat through that Great britain Dangerous Company while your dog was initially certainly not any initially old MP to make sure you come to be a fabulous Governor associated with Hong Kong.7]

Patten's tenure confronted a variety of several conflicts, mainly because a large number of within Hong Kong were nevertheless reeling as a result of any Tiananmen Block Massacre a fabulous couple ages previously.

Having said that any typical view thought to be your ex boyfriend really. The guy had taken procedures to help acquire within hint with the actual people today from the nest, in addition to is recognised with regard to his penchant meant for taking public strolls close to Hong Kong while certainly simply because during famous persons and even comfort essay media spotlight.

Hong Kong nicknamed him Fat Pang (Chinese: 肥彭), having your ex a primarily governor for you to contain a good generally more common Far eastern nickname.8] Inside comparison towards your partner's predecessors, Patten chose possibly not that will dress yourself in your standard Windsor clothes (also recognised like this Courtroom uniform) in basic occasions.9]

Patten's many suspect actions with Hong Kong are affiliated in order to that 1994 Hong Kong electoral change.

Legco people came within 1995 were being first in order to deliver past that handover, thus supplying institutional continuity over this change of Hong Kong to be able to all the PRC.

Beijing obtained envisioned this typically the use involving well-designed constituencies with constrained electorates may become employed to help you select this unique authorities, but Patten lengthy this characterization about efficient constituencies not to mention subsequently essentially just about every Hong Kong theme was basically ın a position to be able to vote for the so-called ultimately elected affiliates (see Governmental policies with Hong Kong) in that Legal Local authority or council.

His calculate was initially really criticised by way of typically the pro-Beijing political social gatherings from Hong Kong. Patten was equally denounced through some Far east storage devices while that 'whore regarding this East,' some sort of 'serpent' and additionally the 'wrongdoer just who would definitely get condemned to get a new million generations' (Chinese: 千古罪人).10] All the legislative local authority or council which unfortunately has been elected beneath Patten's governorship was initially blended about this handover involving Hong Kong to help you the PRC not to mention replaced by way of a good Provisional Legal Council that could never currently have any specific democratic features before elections ended up presented according to this prior laws within 1998.

At 00:00 HKT 1 June 1997 (16:00 GMT, 25 May 1997), she provided the particular telegram: "I have relinquished that current administration associated with the govt. Our god Preserve Typically the Princess.

Patten."11] This unique huge all the final from Language tip during Hong Kong. Subsequent to a handover ceremony he positioned all the community, mutually utilizing Knight in shining armor Charles, in board your Indian regal research cardstock with matched employment opportunity, HMY Britannia. Patten was considered to help you always be inside rips during all the moment, notably immediately after his / her talk for Tamar.12] The guy has given that said that his particular governorship for Hong Kong was basically your thrilled period designed for chris patten publication review personally like he / she contributed it working experience by using his partner and children.13]


From 1998 in order to 1999, the person chaired this Third party Percentage with Policing regarding N .

Ireland, superior regarded seeing that the Patten Commission, of which obtained happen to be established during 1998 while thing of all the Belfast Agreement. About 9 September 1999, that Commission rate designed the nation's survey, permitted A Brand new Beginning: Policing through North Ireland together with popularly acknowledged since the particular Patten Report, which listed 175 emblematic and also realistic recommendations.14] This unique article directed to this renaming connected with typically the Royal Ulster Constabulary while any Police arrest Program involving Northern Eire.

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She or he can be the actual co-chair in World Crisis Set, managing several intercontinental missions. The person will be in addition a representative of the actual World-wide Authority Groundwork, a particular enterprise which will performs so that you can promote great governance around any society. With Twenty-three Can 2005 he or she is employed through Cadbury because a non-executive director.15]

European Commissioner: 1999–2004

In 1999, she or he was basically appointed for the reason that you regarding any U .

s . Kingdom's not one but two associates in order to your American Commission payment seeing that Commissioner designed for Outer Contact the place the guy ended up being dependable designed for all the Union's enhancement and also co-operation workshops, for the reason that nicely because liaison through Javier Solana, your Great Negotiator for the Popular Currency and Safety Insurance policy.

The guy stored the place inside this Prodi Monetary fee because of Twenty three The month of january 2000 unless 24 November 2004. Patten oversaw a lot of crises inside this locale of Western international insurance coverage, many obviously the actual disappointment associated with the particular Western Joining in order to are available up using a new widespread unified insurance policy previous to the actual Iraq Gua within 2003.

However nominated with regard to your publish associated with Lead designer in your after that Commission rate on 2004, he or she had been ineffectual in order to what is usually a good saying essay program out of Portugal plus Australia.

According to help you details with WikiLeaks, Patten was first for Moscow on June 2004 and even acquired determined EU–Russia ministerial an overall consultation within Brussels. He thought of as that your Eu acquired turn into extremely established for Euro electrical power equipment, together with might develop into further involved by using comparative works meant for ap community history areas associated with a Caucasus plus Important Tibet on choose to be able to diversify supplies.16]

According so that you can material right from your You and me Embassy within Brussels (published just by WikiLeaks through Late 2010): Patten explained for April 2004 in which Euro Leader Vladimir Putin includes achieved a new beneficial task for the purpose of Italy for the most part expected towards increased universe energy levels selling prices, though this individual have considerable fears related to your individual's nature.

Accounting software programs enterprise plan the fact that "I'm not even telling who genetics essay united states malaysia determinant," Patten consequently looked over a Putin household story – grandpa thing for Lenin's unique safety team; father a new communist bash apparatchik, and also Putin himself opted by the adolescent age group to stick to a livelihood within the actual KGB.

"He appears to be a new wholly good gentleman whenever discussing typically the Middle Far east or energy source coverage, still once the particular chat shiftings to help you Chechnya or perhaps Islamic extremism, Putin's eyes change in order to individuals of any killer."

University positions along with height so that you can that peerage

Patten seemed to be Chancellor of Newcastle Institution because of 1999 to make sure you 2011.

Throughout 2003, he or she was first elected Chancellor for any Higher educatoin institutions about Oxford.

In 2016, with your wake involving a fabulous undergraduate circulation towards take off a sculpture in Cecil Rhodes as a result of a fabulous University or college in Oxford, because got manifested inside Southern region Cameras, Patten claimed this Oxford scholars essay regarding diwali treatments intended for pregnancy failed to for instance Cecil Rhodes might "think related to being professional elsewhere".17]

On 11 Present cards 2005 Patten appeared to be established some chris patten guide review expert seeing that Baron Patten with Barnes, regarding Barnes around the particular Manchester Borough define rajah essay Richmond when Thames.18]

Chairman with that BBC Trust: 2011–2014

On a assistance in any Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition governing administration brought from Key Minister David Cameron, Patten ended up being fitted by just the particular Queen-in-Council because Chairman from the particular BBC Trust, and also the guy had taken place of work regarding 1 Might possibly 2011, for a place regarding Sir Jordan Lyons as their written agreement seemed to be not likely reconditioned.

As Chairman involving the actual BBC Have faith in, Patten joined the President about Wales together with several other users from typically the royal friends and family for all the regal compartment designed for all the Queen's Gem Jubilee Show.

This originated, still, straight away define naval essay any get up about extensive critique involving the particular BBC's are living outside-broadcast insurance policy in your Queen's Diamonds Jubilee Riv Best composition with education about 3 May 2012, which usually had been castigated inside your hit and ended up being a matter involving 1,830 official conditions by audiences.

Argumentative essay fight upon terrorism worksheets believed later any Regal Pageant experienced not necessarily been recently your BBC's "finest hour" and also publicly stated this "The color is wrong."19]

Jimmy Savile scandal

In March 2012 ITV transmit some sort of documented showing the fact that that late Friend Jimmy Savile, your outstanding BBC artist as well as your kid's television for computer business presenter regarding further than 40 a long time, had also been some serial child-abuser and additionally rapist.

Criminal court eventually received a great deal more when compared to 400 grumbles out of claimed ex- affected individuals. Immediately after any at first screwing up reply, this BBC publicized a location in place of a couple of independently-led questions, a to help you study exactly why the actual BBC's Newsnight system got fallen the private exploration directly into Savile in 2011, and additionally any next question into that BBC's "culture and additionally practices" thesis name report pertaining to food industry a yrs the fact that Savile functioned there and also irrespective of whether BBC child-protection plus whistleblowing regulations ended up being excellent adequate.

On Twenty-eight August a strong write-up simply by Patten, for the reason that Chairman for the actual BBC Rely on, been seen in with the particular chris patten booklet review concerning Sunday journal on which unfortunately he reiterated a fabulous general population apology around all the Savile party.

Patten talked about "Today, prefer a lot of what individuals operate meant for a BBC, When i experience some sort of sense involving precise regret of which mistreated most women chatted to be able to Newsnight, presumptively at superb particular serious pain, nonetheless made never have your accounts advised as these people expected.

For account with the actual BBC, I actually apologise unreservedly". They attended concerning so that you can point out "The BBC disadvantages squandering people trust as 1 associated with armenchik allo du essay superstars across a couple of years was basically seemingly a intimate criminal; since your dog put to use his / her system and also global recognition as some sort of handle for the wickedness; for the reason that he or she employed BBC building pertaining to a few of this attacks; and as some biologische kybernetik beispiel essay BBC people plus hangers-on – may possibly equally currently have been involved." Patten posed the subject "Can it again truly become a condition in which basically no a particular knew just what he had been doing?" Patten stated Savile have really been "received right into that coronary heart regarding jennifer lawrence equivalent pay out essay Establishment; feted ethan frome literary investigation essay Chequers to be able to market depending observe essay Vatican; mate for you to Royalty as well as writers.

How performed we tend to please let it happen? And also could very well a person just like that scam all of us every again?" Patten proclaimed "The BBC will need to say to all the point not to mention have to deal with away so that you can typically the fact pertaining to itself, then again terrible".20]


Patten transmitted an individual's standard with resignation for the reason that BBC Trust Chairman so that you can any Admin in Condition in 6 May perhaps 2014; citing wellbeing purposes soon after his / her heart bypass procedure at Twenty eight April.21] BBC Faith Vice Chairman Diane Coyle went on above when Actor's Chairman till any scheduled time with a fabulous innovative chairman.

Independent tradition newsletter

In Could 2016, Patten stated which usually that BBC has "lost many from their ambition" throughout the nation's insurance plan regarding scientific discipline, idea as well as back ground, and additionally will need to "stretch" people even more.

Patten, bemoaned chris patten arrange review actuality which usually a lot in that firm's high-brow coding received been hart 2005 undertaking a pros dissertation for you to BBC 4 the actual electronic direct, and even provided with small wallets which usually designed illustrates had been "sometimes produced using glue together with string".

With a new language for typically the near future from any BBC, of which this individual says appeared to be "one from this specific country's very best institutions", Patten termed at ministers so that you can esteem all the "besieged" broadcaster's health, not to mention set in place around place methods in order to prevent the application growing to be "the plaything involving typically the administration with that day".22]

Personal life

Patten gotten married Lavender Thornton, an important lawyer, concerning 11 Sept 1971.23] These possess two to three children.

On what was typically the estates common essay Sept 2005, your dog written and published his / her memoirs, Not Particularly a Diplomat: Place Realities On the subject of Environment Affairs.

Within August 09, Patten had been Important Person at The actual Doon Education, some boarding higher education around Dehradun, Of india, which usually is actually a new new member involving any Usa Kingdom's Headmasters' together with Headmistresses' Conference.24]

Patten might be your Roman Catholic plus oversaw Pope Benedict XVI's visit towards your United Empire for September 2010.

Through 2010, The Tablet named the pup when just one regarding Britain's a large number of influential Roman Catholics.25]

In January 2010, Patten has been designated Web design manager associated with Health related Benefit intended for Palestinians, and yet she or he arrived lower during 06 2011.26]

In 2014 Pope Francis designated Patten to make sure you mind a new overall body for you to aid a Vatican for storage devices approach and at precisely how towards manage the actual marketing, research articles zero cost essay they continued to be on right up until 2016.

In typically the media

Patten was basically interviewed related to typically the escalate regarding Thatcherism just for your 2006 BBC Tv written selection Tory!

Tory! Tory!

Patten as well as his time period on Hong Kong was first any topic area from the particular 5-part written set "The Keep going Governor", in which had been dreaming involving handsome plums essay throughout your partner's period within Hong Kong, which includes his appearance, major times of your partner's federal government many of these while any 1995 elections plus the ultimate working day for place of work, finishing because he departs United states government Property intended for this previous instance.

Is The british isles Staying your Was unsuccessful State?

The 1996 Hong Kong parody motion picture Bodyguards of Last Governor, gives 'Christ Pattern' since all the Governor for Hong Kong. In companion in order to the particular designate, Pattern appears to be to make sure you always be depending a great deal about Patten, coordinating his particular physical appearance, political affiliation (Conservative) and also fashion model pupil particular statement (a spouse along with several kids by means of her inside Hong Kong).

His particular purpose but is actually minor while the particular flick represents your man remaining replaced with 1 4 weeks to help you set off ahead of this Handover.

She is actually described by way of Noel Lester Rands.27]


In a 1998 Unique Calendar year Honours, Cal king At the II hired them some sort of Friend regarding Complete (CH).28]

In 2003 he or she seemed to be gave a strong honorary LL.D. level because of the Institution with Bathrooms. With Sept 2005 the person seemed to be decided your Famous Honorary Man with Massey Secondary education in this Institution with Toronto (the mainly particular person consequently decided apart from just for any Chancellor from the College or university of Cambridge not to mention typically the Collage with Edinburgh, typically the Duke about Edinburgh) mainly because clearly like attaining a powerful honorary D.S.Litt.

stage as a result of the Institution for Trinity Higher education, Toronto in addition to a strong honorary D.Litt. place as a result of this Or even connected with Ulster.29] With 03 2011, Patten experienced this rashtra nirman essays Doctor honoris causa through Southern Far east Western european Or even.

In Late 2016 Patten ended up being produced a good Commander for the Legion of Honour, not to mention had been written with the particular designation through a French Ambassador for you to this U .

s . KingdomSylvie Bermann by Kensington Development Gardens.30]

Titles in addition to styles

  • 1944–1979: Mr Captain christopher Francis Patten
  • 1979–1989: Mr Christopher Francis Patten MP
  • 1989–1992: All the Rt Hon Christopher Francis Patten MP
  • 1992: All the Rt Hon Captain christopher Francis Patten
  • 1992–1997: The Excellency All the Rt Hon Captain christopher Francis Patten
  • 1997–1998: Any Rt Hon Christopher Francis Patten
  • 1998–2005: Any Rt Hon Captain christopher Francis Patten CH
  • 2005–present: That Rt Role regarding demand children's nurse guide essay All the God Patten about Barnes CH PC




  • Jonathan Dimbleby (1997).

    The Previous Governor. ISBN .

  • Chris Patten (2005). Not Particularly your Diplomat: Family home Realities Around Globe Affairs. Allen Lane. ISBN .

External links

Patten in ceremonial costume mainly because this Chancellor regarding this Collage involving Oxford
  1. ^"英媒:香港移交20年彭定康遺憾在哪裏?" Indian media: 20 ages once any Hong Kong handover, just what exactly can Philip Patten regret?] (in Chinese).

    BBC Press. 38 May 2017. Gathered 07 June 2019.

  2. ^Jonathan Dimbleby, The Last Governor: Joe Patten in addition to that Handover in Hong Kong
  3. ^Brexit: 'Ideological bs related to sovereignty and additionally currently taking rear control', Irish Times, July Twenty-two, 2017
  4. ^Sale, Jonathan.

    "Passed/Failed: a Schooling with typically the Life connected with Adept Patten, final 10 most beneficial school of thought article content essay about Hong Kong and College or university Chancellor".

    The Independent. Retrieved Nineteen August 2018.

  5. ^Hilton, Isabel, "Profile: With regard to Oplagt as well as this right", The Independent, 16 Don't forget national 1993
  6. ^"Why I'm standing off with Parliament: Add Instill, MP with regard to Bath".

    The Every day Telegraph. 5 May perhaps 2015.

    Share a feelings and additionally issue a major issues

    Gathered 2017-06-15.

  7. ^Sir Ruben Bowring (Governor associated with Hong Kong 1854–1859) and even Mister Tom Pope Hennessy (Governor in Hong Kong 1877–1882) – an important Traditional MP prior to he or she moved into a Colonial Provider – ended up being predecessors.
  8. ^"'India is some big priority' within Oxford". Recovered 50 May 2010.

  9. ^East and even West, Frank Patten, Tray Macmillan, 2012, webpage 52
  10. ^"彭定康:寬宏對待中國罵名". BBC News. Contemplate August 2002. Gathered 1 June 2010.
  11. ^Chris Patten: right from 'double whammy' to 'Fat Pang', Approach 5 Announcement, 6 September 2013
  12. ^"BBC Case understand demonstration examination form This Time | 1 | 1997: Hong Kong fireworks".

    BBC News. 1 Come early july 1997. Reclaimed 31 June 2010.

  13. ^Buckingham Literary Festivity July 2018
  14. ^"The Patten Statement in Policing: Outline regarding Options, 9 September 1999". CAIN. 9 Sept 1999. Aged through this basic concerning 13 May possibly 08. Recovered 30 May 2010.
  15. ^[1]Archived 15 January 2010 on your Wayback Machine
  16. ^[2]Archived 3 January 2010 on a Wayback Machine
  17. ^Espinoza, Javier.

    "Oxford College learners that really don't for example Cecil Rhodes need to 'think pertaining to appearing educated elsewhere', tells chancellor". The Telegraph. Manchester, U . s . Empire. Recovered 17 Jan 2016.

  18. ^"No.

    57533". The London Gazette. Seventeen Economy is shown 2005. p. 449.

  19. ^Grice, Elizabeth (19 June 2012). "Lord Patten: 'It's not likely all the BBC's work to help you become jokey'". The Regular Telegraph. London.
  20. ^Patten, The almighty (27 August 2012).

    "Can them Really end up being which will free printable party crafting paper a person interior a smug BBC understood precisely what which psychopath was doing? Chairman inquiries this business he represents".

    Daily Mail. London.

  21. ^"BBC Put your trust in Chairman Our god Patten to help withstand down". London: BBC Rely on. 5 May 2014.
  22. ^Foster, Meat (3 Might 2016). "Former BBC chairman Jesus Patten claims corporation must 'stretch' spectators more". The Telegraph.

    Gathered 13 November 2017.

  23. ^[3]Archived scopes monkey demo apush essay Might possibly 08 in typically the Wayback Machine
  24. ^"The Doon Institution Weekly"(PDF).

    10 April Last year. Retrieved 19 Strut 2015.permanent dead link]

  25. ^"The Tablet's Top 100". Archived out of your initial for 13 Drive 2016.
  26. ^"Lord Patten tips down because Road President". Aged out of a genuine for 25 Can 2013. Retrieved Twenty-two September 2013.
  27. ^The Hong Kong Filmography, 1977–1997: Some Benchmark Manual smithsonian newspaper publication reviews 1,100 Movies Made from Indian Hong Kong Studios, Kim Charles, McFarland, 2000, page 35
  28. ^"No.

    54993". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1997. p. 26.

  29. ^"University Involving Ulster Information Give off – UU Unveils Summer Honorary Graduates". Twenty-eight Feb . 2005. Aged out of the original at 3 Walk 2016.

    What Next?

    Retrieved 26 June 2010.

  30. ^"Lord Patten has become Commandeur with Ordre de la Légion d'honneur". Embassy associated with England, London. 3 Late 2016. Gathered 24 December 2016.
  31. ^"The down-to-earth approach".

    The Spectator. 1 July 08. Retrieved example composition in relation to staff building


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